This is the start of a regular newsletter around BPF written by Alexander Alemayhu. It will summarize ongoing development, presentations, videos and other information related to BPF and XDP. It will be released roughly once a week.
Recently some interesting developments in the BPF space occurred and the highlights are
- SPARC gained support for eBPF in 7a12b5031c6b (sparc64: Add eBPF JIT., 2017-04-17).
- A generic XDP implementation landed in b5cdae3291f7 (net: Generic XDP, 2017-04-18).
- BPF support for binutils is in the works.
- XDP support for ixgbe got added.
The ixgbe patches were ready earlier but some lost in transit cleanup and build errors required a v2. Hopefully the binutils effort will lead to BPF support in GCC. While LLVM and clang is available on most distributions, the opportunity to use the familiar GCC will make it even easier for newbies to get started.
Being a XDP newbie is getting more pleasant by the day. Thanks to all of the nice investments being made by kernel developers. The infrastructure and tooling around BPF is improving. You can test your programs with the new
BPF_PROG_TEST_RUN command and with the generic implementation of XDP you no longer need a special network card. The excuses for not trying out XDP are getting shorter ;->
Your friends have probably heard about BPF, Cilium and XDP by now. If not they can watch this great talk on how containers can leverage the true superpowers of BPF.
Without spoiling the talk the last parallels drawn at the end is really important to understand where XDP effort is headed next.
Nice talk on how Facebook is leveraging BPF and XDP in production.
This talk shows some of CloudFlare current DDoS mitigation strategies / tools. The whole talk is good, but the sections where what is preventing adoption and other disadvantages of XDP is interesting.
In case you missed it
Good walk through on the differences between BPF and eBPF. The historical context makes this a nice read for newbies.
This documentation section is targeted at developers and users who want to understand BPF and XDP in great technical depth.
Which is a place where people can talk about getting up to speed with setting up an XDP build environment and writing XDP programs.
You can subscribe by sending a email to
firstname.lastname@example.org, with a message body containing
subscribe xdp-newbies. No subject is needed, but you can of course add one if you like.
The JSET cBPF instruction is for parsing DECNET packet headers. See Acknowledgements section of: http://www.tcpdump.org/papers/bpf-usenix93.pdf
- Alexei Starovoitov, [net-next] bpf:
map_get_next_keyto return first key on NULL
- Alexei Starovoitov, [PATCH net-next] bpf: enhance verifier to understand stack pointer arithmetic
- Daniel Borkmann, [PATCH net-next] bpf: make
Daniel Borkmann, [PATCH net-next 0/5] Misc BPF updates
- [PATCH net-next 1/5] bpf, x86_64/arm64: remove old ldimm64 artifacts from jits
- [PATCH net-next 2/5] bpf: add various test cases to verifier selftests
- [PATCH net-next 3/5] bpf: bpf_lock on kallsysms doesn't need to be irqsave
- [PATCH net-next 4/5] bpf: fix
- [PATCH net-next 5/5] bpf: provide a generic macro for percpu values for selftests
- Daniel Borkmann, [PATCH iproute2 net-next v2] bpf: add support for generic xdp
- Daniel Borkmann, [PATCH net-next] bpf, arm64: implement jiting of BPF_XADD
- David Miller, [PATCH net-next v2] sparc64: Improve 64-bit constant loading in eBPF JIT.
- David Miller, [PATCH] sparc64: Fix BPF JIT wrt. branches and ldimm64 instructions.
- David Ahern, [PATCH net-next] samples/bpf: Add support for
SKB_MODEto xdp1 and
- Eric Dumazet, [PATCH net-next] net: move xdp_prog field in RX cache lines
- Eric Dumazet, [PATCH net-next] bpf: restore skb->sk before pskb_trim() call
John Fastabend, [PATCH 0/2] ixgbe updates
Martin KaFai Lau, [RFC net-next 0/2] Introduce bpf_prog ID and iteration
Jakub Kicinski, [PATCH net-next 0/6] nfp: optimize XDP TX and small fixes
- [PATCH net-next 1/6] nfp: replace -ENOTSUPP with -EOPNOTSUPP
- [PATCH net-next 2/6] nfp: drop rx_ring param from buffer allocation
- [PATCH net-next 3/6] nfp: do simple XDP TX buffer recycling
- [PATCH net-next 4/6] nfp: avoid reading TX queue indexes from the device
- [PATCH net-next 5/6] nfp: don't completely refuse to work with old flashes
- [PATCH net-next 6/6] nfp: provide 256 bytes of XDP headroom in all configurations
Jakub Kicinski, [PATCH net-next 0/4] xdp: use netlink extended ACK reporting
- Jesper Dangaard Brouer, [net-next PATCH V1] samples/bpf: bpf_load.c detect and abort if ELF maps section size is wrong
Jesper Dangaard Brouer, [net-next PATCH 0/2] samples/bpf: two bug fixes to
Please note that netdev receives a lot of patches and the list above is not meant to be complete.